The new immigration cap is currently undergoing consultation between the UK Coalition Government and the public to look at how it should work in practice. This will mainly effect Tier 1 and Tier 2 Visa applications.
Concerns have arisen in the UK that there have been unconstrained levels of immigration that has consequently put pressure on public services, schools and housing. Although UK immigration wish to attract the brightest and best people to the UK they do not wish to have uncontrolled migration.
Problems have already been caused for businesses in the UK by the temporary immigration cap. Businesses have had to significantly reduce the number of people they can employ under the Tier 2 visa scheme, some businesses even threatening to leave the UK. In the next financial year, businesses will not be able to employ anyone new under the Tier 2 visa because they have been given a zero allocation of certificates of sponsorship.
The consultation will look at how to attract high net worth migrants as investors. Lowering UK tax rates could help to attract wealthy individuals from abroad, this could also result in fewer high net worth individuals leaving the UK.
The new immigration cap is also currently undergoing consultation by the Migration Advisory Committee which is due to end on 7 September 2010. The permanent restrictions on non-EU economic immigration will be put in place on 1 April 2010.